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The Year of Sadness and The Night Journey and the Ascent to the Heavens

The tribe of Quraysh imposed a sever embargo on the tribe of Banu Haashim and the tribe of Banu Al-Muttalib who were supporting the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, whether they have embraced Islam or not. The Quraysh decided to stop any form of dealings with the tribe

of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, whether selling, buying, marriage, or any of the other forms of cooperation without which life would be unbearable

That awful boycott continued for three years during which the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and the companions with him suffered a great deal to the extent that the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, were forced to eat trees' leaves. After that Almighty Allaah decreed that this inhumane boycott would come to an end, at the hands of some men of the Quraysh who still had some sense of honour.

After the end of the boycott, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, resumed his call and started to convey the message of Islam to any one in whom he expected good. During that period, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, lost his uncle, Abu Taalib, who was his best supporter and helper, for he continued to defend and protect him from the harm of the disbelievers for ten years, even though he did not follow the religion of Islam. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, was very grieved because of his uncles death. Shortly after, even before he recovered from his grief,

his wife Khadeejah Bint Khuwaylid, the Mother of the Believers, may Allaah pleased with her, passed away as well. She believed in him and supported him with everything she had. Her death was a severe tragedy

for the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, because by her death he had lost the second best supporter in just one year, which was the tenth year after the start of his Prophethood.

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, remained firm and patient in spite of the death of his uncle and his wife and continued conveying his Message, and he was certain that Allaah would help him. He wanted to spread the call of Islam outside Makkah so that he might find some people who would help him, especially after the harm and the torment he had received from the disbelievers of Makkah. Thus, he decided to go to At-Taaif to offer Islam to the tribe of Thaqeef hoping that they, or some of them, would believe in his call.

 However, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, did not find what he had hoped for. On the contrary, he discovered that they were even more stubborn than the Quraysh, as they rejected his call outright, which he conveyed to them wisely and with good preaching. They also insulted him and gave a free hand to their fools and boys to hit him with stones until his honorable feet bled. That was very hard for the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, so once he caught his breath and moved away from At-Taaif, he resorted to Allaah and invoked Him, saying,

O Allaah! To You I complain of my weakness, of my helplessness, and of my insignificance amongst people. O Most Merciful of the merciful! You are the Lord of the helpless, and You are my Lord! Into whose hands would You entrust me? Into the hands of a stranger who would scowl at me, or to an enemy whom You have given control over my affairs? If You are not angry with me, I would not care, but Your pity is wider for me. I seek refuge with the Light of Your Countenance, whereby all darkness is illuminated, and of Which all affairs are rectified in this world as well as in the Hereafter, from (any possibility) that You should send down Your anger upon me or that I should incur Your wrath. It is for me to return to you until You are well satisfied, and there is neither power nor might except with You!

After the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, had finished his invocation, Jibreel ,may Allaah exalt his mention, descended in the company of the Angel of the Mountains, who said to him, If you wish that I collapse the two big mountains (surrounding Makkah) upon them, I would do so. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, refused, and said, Rather, I wish that Allaah would bring out of their loins (people) those who would worship Allaah and associate nothing with Him (in worship). Then he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, supplicated saying: "O Allaah! Forgive my people, as they have no knowledge."

Then the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, returned to Makkah feeling sad because of what the people of At-Taaif had done to him. He wished good for them and wanted them to embrace Islam to save themselves from disbelief in this world and punishment in the Hereafter, but they remained as disbelievers and did not listen to the truth.

Under these gloomy circumstances, and after the death of Abu Taalib and Khadeejah Bint Khuwaylid, the Mother of the Believers, and after what the people of At-Taaif had done to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, Almighty Allaah wanted to alleviate his hardship, relieve his worry, and reassure him. So, He took him on

the night journey to Al-Aqsaa Mosque (in Jerusalem) then made him ascend to the heavens. Almighty Allaah says, Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allaah) Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Aayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. [Quran 17:1]

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, was in the house of Umm Haani Bint Abu Taalib when Jibreel, may Allaah exalt his mention, came to him with Al-Buraaq, a beast which is smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey. Al-Buraaq took him to Jerusalem where he was welcomed by all the prophets, including Ibraheem (Abraham), Moosaa (Moses), and 'Eesaa (Jesus) (may Allaah exalt their mention). He, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, led them in prayer and performed two Rak`ahs (units of prayer) in the Al-Aqsaa Mosque. This indicates that Islam is Allaahs last Word to His creation and that it is the last divine religion.

After this, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, ascended to the heavens on a miraculous journey which Allaah had prepared for him. In each heaven he met a number of prophets and spoke to them and they greeted and congratulated him. In the first heaven he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, the father of all mankind; in the second he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Yahyaa (John) and 'Eesaa (Jesus) (may Allaah exalt their mention); in the third he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Yoosuf (may Allaah exalt his mention); in the fourth he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Idrees (Enoch) (may Allaah exalt his mention); in the fifth he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Haroon (Aaron) (may Allaah exalt his mention); in the sixth he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Moosaa (Moses) (may Allaah exalt his mention); and in the seventh heaven he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, met Ibraheem (Abraham) (may Allaah exalt his mention), the father of the Prophets.

After that he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, ascended above the high heavens to speak with his Lord in confidence. No Prophet, Messenger, or angel had ever reached this position. During this meeting the five obligatory prayers were prescribed. Moreover, Allaah made him see some of His Greatest Signs, including Paradise and what Allaah had prepared in it for the pious, and Hellfire and what Allaah had prepared in it for the disbelievers and the sinners.

After he had seen some of the Greatest Signs of His Lord, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, returned to Makkah on the same night to resume his call and spread Islam among the tribes.

Stories
Good Manners
The Mystery of the Jewel

The Queen and the Wicked Insect

Our Religion

Enjoining Prayers

The Giver in Charity with no Limits

The Giver in Charity with no Limits

The Story of Aathaan

The Life of the Prophethet
The Prophets Childhood
The Prophet's Trade and Marriage
The Year of Sadness and The Night Journey and the Ascent to the Heavens
Examples of Jews' Conspiracies
The Hudaybiyah Peace Treaty
Prophets
Aadam

Ismaa'eel

Prophet Lout (Lot), may Allah exalt his mention

Prophet Ayyoob (Job), may Allah exalt his mention

Prophet Zechariah, may Allah exalt his mention

Great Muslim Characters
Al-Bukhaari
Ash-Shaafi'ee
Ibn Taymiyyah

Muhammad Ibn Al-Qaasim

Al-Khaleel Ibn Ahmad

 

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