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Chapter Adh-Dhuhaa

Jibreel (Gabriel) did not come to the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) with the revelation for several days. The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) was very sad. When the Quraysh tribe came to know about this, they said: Allaah has forsaken Muhammad. In response to that, this noble chapter was revealed.

The chapter tells us that Allaah neither forsook nor hated the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) as the polytheists claimed. The Prophet has a high position and prestige in the sight of Allaah and the chapter gave the Prophet glad tidings that the Grace of Allaah on him would be great. The chapter also reminds the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) of the blessings that Allaah had already endowed on him so that he would thank Allaah for them.

Vocabulary

by the forenoon

the first part of

the day

is still

became very dark

Forsaken

deserted or abandoned            

hated

disliked and detested

the present

this worldly life

gave you refuge

took care of you

poor

not well-off and penniless

treat with oppression

humiliate and insult

repulses

be cruel and use harsh words

Meaning of Verses

The revelation to the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) paused for several days. The polytheists spread a rumor that Allaah had forsaken the Prophet.

These verses negate this claim. Allaah swore by the forenoon which is the first part of the day when the sun rises and lightens the whole universe with its brightness, and He swore by the night when its darkness envelops the whole universe and people incline to rest and calmness, that He had neither forsaken nor hated the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam). On the contrary, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) had an unparalleled position and an unprecedented high prestige in the sight of Allaah, as he is the Messenger of Allaah to all mankind.

Allaah gave His Prophet glad tidings that many good things are in store for him in this world, but He added that the bliss and grace of the Hereafter are much better than this worldly life and all its pleasures.

Allaah will give His Prophet whatever he wishes such as spreading his call among mankind, granting him victory over his enemies, and allowing him to intercede for all the believers in the Hereafter. Indeed, Allaah will give him all goodness whether for him personally or for his nation until the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) is satisfied.

Among the blessings that Allaah endowed on His Prophet since he was born is that Allaah never abandoned him. Allaah took care of him and prepared him for the greatest mission in the world: to be a Prophet.

The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) was born an orphan but Allaah took care of him. Allaah gave him his grandfather, `Abdul-Muttalib, who took care of him. After the death of `Abdul-Muttalib, the Prophet's uncle Abu Taalib brought him up and he even put him in a position better than his own children. The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) received decent and respectable treatment in his early childhood and he did not feel deprived or maltreated which orphans usually do.

Allaah cared for him when he was a young man, and He protected him against idolatry and a careless life. The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) led a life based on morality and decency and he had an excellent moral character to the extent that the people of Makkah called him the "honorable trustworthy man".

After mentioning the numerous blessings which Allaah bestowed on His Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), Allaah enjoined him to be gentle and kind with the orphans. He also enjoined him to be kind to the beggars and never maltreat them or be harsh to them.

The chapter ends with a commandment from Allaah to His Prophet to talk about the blessings of Allaah on him and to be grateful for them.

 
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Good Manners
Dutifulness to parents
Trustworthiness
Generosity
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Our Religion
What is Islam
Shahaadataan
The Prayer
Zakaah
Fasting
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Belief in Allaah
Belief in the Angels
Belief in the Prophets
Divine Books
Belief in Predestination
Belief in the Last Day
The Life of the Prophet
The Arabs Before The Advent Islam
Men Around The Prophet
The Mothers of the Believers
Children in the company of the Prophet Muhammad
Portraits from the life of the Prophet
Battles of the Prophet
The Children of the Prophet
 The Prophet's Ambassadors
Places in the Life of the Prophet
The physical description of the Prophet
Qur'an
Statistics About The Quran
The Compilation of the Quran
The Merit of the Glorious Quran and Some of its Chapters

The miraculous nature of the Quran

The Excellence of Learning the Quran

Five chapters in Quran

Great Muslim Charactersters
Mohammad Al-Faatih
Taariq Ibn Ziyaad

Salaahuddeen

Al-`Izz Ibn `Abdus-Salaam
Ibn Jareer At-Tabari
Ibn An-Nafees
Abu Bakr Ar-Raazi
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Seebawayh
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The World of Bees
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