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Shahaadataan (The Two Testimonies of Faith)

The two testimonies of faith (which is to declare Ash-hadu Allaa Ilaaha Illallaah Wa Ash-hadu Anna Muhammadun Rasoolullaah. "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.") are the first pillar of Islam. Belief in these two testimonies and saying them are the way to Islam. Through them, a person becomes a Muslim and believes in the Unity of Allaah.

The Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, said:

"Islam is founded on five (pillars): To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger; establish the prayers, to pay the Zakaat, to perform Hajj, and to fast during Ramadhaan." (Al-Bukhaari)

Throughout the period of his mission, the Prophet, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, kept on calling people to believe in Allaah Alone, abandon polytheism and idolatry, and believe in him being the Messenger of Allaah and that Allaah sent him to all people in order to guide them to the straight path.

Uttering the two testimonies of faith is the key which made all the companions enter Islam, such as Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, `Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab,`Uthmaan Ibn `Affaan, `Ali Ibn Abi Taalib and Khadeejah Bint Khuwaylid as well as all the other companions, may Allaah be pleased with them. Every non-Muslim who has the desire to embrace Islam will do the same thing i.e. utter the two testimonies of faith.

The meaning of the two testimonies of faith is to believe that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, the Almighty. It also means that Allaah is to be obeyed in whatever He enjoins us to do and whatever He prohibits us to abstain from. This is the utmost goal for which Allaah sent His Messengers. That is why the Quran illustrated the reality of "there is none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah" in many places. For instance, Allaah says (what means):

"Your Ilaah (God) is only Allaah, the One (Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa) (none has the right to be worshipped but He). He has full knowledge of all things." [Quran 20:98]

Allaah also says (what means):

"He is Allaah, than Whom there is La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful." [Quran 59:22]

  • The Belief in the Existence of Allaah

This wide universe with all what it contains: human beings, animals, birds, plants, rivers, seas, oceans, mountains, plains, hills, stars, and planets testifies to the fact that it has been created by an Omnipotent Lord: Allaah.

Allaah called us to contemplate this great universe, as He says (what means):

"Verily, in the heavens and the earth are signs for the believers. And in your creation, and what He scattered (through the earth) of moving (living) creatures are signs for people who have Faith with certainty. And in the alternation of night and day, and the provision (rain) that Allaah sends down from the sky, and revives therewith the earth after its death, and in the turning about of the winds (i.e. sometimes towards the east or north, and sometimes towards the south or west etc., sometimes bringing glad tidings of rain etc., and sometimes bringing the torment), are signs for a people who understand." [Quran 45:3-5]

Allaah also says (what means):

"Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allaah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Aayaat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding." [Quran 2:164]

One day, a non-believer asked Imaam Ash-Shaafee' , may Allaah have mercy upon him, to prove the existence of Allaah. Imaam Ash-Shaafee' said: "The proof is blackberry leaves. All its leaves are the same as far as taste, color, and smell are concerned, yet, they are eaten by silkworms and they produce silk. Sheep eat the same leaves but they produce meat and milk. On the other hand, deer eat them and they produce musk. Who made the outputs of these creatures so different while they eat the same leaves? It is Allaah, Glorified is He."

  • Allaah is One

The Omnipotent Creator of this universe must be One. It could never be two or more Lords Who created this universe. This is indicated by the excellent harmonious homogeny and the perfectly precise system that has been controlling the universe for millions of years.

Everything moves according to a pre-determined system. The sun rises from the east and moves in its orbit in a distance not so near the earth which may cause the earth to completely dry up and not so far which will make the earth suffer from cold and frost, and eventually no plants would grow, no fruits would ripen and no creatures would ever be active.

The system on which this great universe is built testifies to the fact that its creator is One Deity with no partners. It is impossible to accept the assumption that this universe has created itself or that two partners or more have created it. If the latter assumption is true, the partners would eventually disagree, the universe would be upside down and its system would come to an end.

Allaah says (what means):

"No son (or offspring or children) did Allaah beget, nor is there any ilah (god) along with Him; (if there had been many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified be Allaah above all that they attribute to Him!" [Quran 23:91]

  • Allaah is Omnipotent

The meaning of two testimonies of faith also indicates that Allaah is Omnipotent and that for Him nothing is difficult to do. If Allaah wills something, He says to it "Be", and there it is.

Allaah manages all our affairs, He gives and takes life, gives some people and abstains from giving to others, and honours whom He wills and humiliates whom He wills, all because He is Omnipotent and nothing is difficult or impossible for Him. A Muslim seeks the help and assistance of Allaah Alone because He Alone is able to support him.

Allaah, the Almighty, says (what means):

"To Allaah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things." [Quran 5:120]

  • Allaah is the All-Provider

The belief in the Oneness of Allaah entails as well to believe that He is the All-Provider. Allaah provides all creatures with the needs that sustain them. He also guaranteed whatever they need as far as food and drink are concerned. Allaah gives to all people out of His Grace and He provides for them all in accordance with His Will. Allaah never abstains from providing for human beings whether they are believers or not.

A Muslim believes that obeying and worshipping Allaah and performing good deeds are a means for increasing provision.

At the same time, a Muslim should never become angry if his provision is decreased, but he should adhere to patience and invoke Allaah to give him more. Allaah says (what means):

 "Do they not see that Allaah enlarges the provision for whom He wills and straitens (it for whom He wills). Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who believe." [Quran 30:37]

  • Allaah Knows Everything

The two testimonies of faith also implies believing that Allaah knows each and every thing that is happening in the universe whether or not we see or hear it. Allaah also knows what the hearts intend and the thoughts that the minds harbour.

Allaah knows the numbers of stars in the skies, particles of sands in the deserts, drops of water in seas and oceans, and the numbers of all creatures, including human beings, jinns, animals, birds, trees, and plants. Allaah knows all about these whether in the past or the future. Allaah said (what means):

"And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record." [Quran 6:59]

  • Allaah Hears and Sees Everything

Allaah is All-Seeing and All-Hearing. He hears all voices whether they are near or far, strong or weak, whether it is said aloud or softly spoken. Allaah knows what we say in secret and what we say in public, and He responds to our invocations. As He hears us, He also hears the sounds of animals, insects, birds and all other creatures whether we know them or not.

Allaah is also sees everything whether it is big or small, hidden or not, and the things which we see with our eyes and those which we do not see. Allaah sees everything whether in the daylight or at night and whether it is on the surface of earth or in the depths of the oceans.

When a Muslim feels all these meanings in the depths of his heart, he will never commit anything that may incur the wrath of Allaah, because he knows full well that Allaah is All-Hearing and All-Seeing and that nothing is hidden from Him.

  • Testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah

Testifying that Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, is the Messenger of Allaah is the second part of the two testimonies of faith with the first part being the testimony that none has the right to be worshipped but

Allaah. Islam is never accepted unless the two testimonies are both acknowledged.

  A Muslim believes that Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, is the Messenger of Allaah sent to all people and nations. He was not sent merely to his own people like other prophets were. He is also the last Prophet and Messenger as no Prophets or Messengers will come after him.

Allaah says (what means):

"Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last (end) of the Prophets. And Allaah is Ever All-¬Aware of everything." [Quran 33:40]

Allaah sent down the revelation on the Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, when he was forty years old. Ever since his childhood, he was known for his trustworthiness and honesty.

The Prophet, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, stayed in Makkah for thirteen years calling people to monotheism and worshipping Allaah Alone. A small number of people believed in his call and they endured the harm and stubbornness of the Quraysh tribe. Then, the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, migrated to Al-Madeenah where he stayed for ten years. During this period, his call became widespread, his state stabilized and the number of Muslims increased. Many people embraced Islam during his stay in Al-Madeena, to the extent that the number of Muslims who accompanied the Prophet, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, on the Farewell Hajj (the tenth year A.H.) was more than one hundred thousand Muslims.

The message of the Prophet, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, is universal to all people regardless of their gender, color, country, or language, whether during his time or those who come after him until the Last Hour. The universality of this Message until the Day of Resurrection is attributed to the fact that it contains legislations that establish people's lives on an equitable basis and organize their religious and worldly affairs including prayer, fasting, Zakaat, Hajj, financial transactions, etiquettes, and manners. The Quran referred to the universality of the Message of the Prophet, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam.

Allaah says (what means):

"Say (O Muhammad): "O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allaah - to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allaah and His Messenger (Muhammad), the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad) who believes in Allaah and His Words [(this Quran), the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allaah's Word: "Be!" - and he was, i.e. 'Eesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary)], and follow him so that you may be guided." [Quran 7:158]

Allaah sent down the Quran on His Messenger Muhammad, sallallaahu álayhi wa sallam, through the angel Jibreel (Gabriel). The Quran is the last Divine Book and it contains rulings and legislations that lead to the happiness of people in their lives and guide them to prosperity in this world as well as the Hereafter. Allaah promised to preserve His Glorious Book against any distortion or alteration till the Day of Resurrection.

Allaah says (what means):

"Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)." [Quran 15:9]

Thus, the Quran is the only Divine Book revealed by Allaah that has never been changed and it will never be changed or altered.




What is Islam

Belief in Allaah


The Prayer

Divine Books

Belief in the Prophets

Belief in Predestination

Belief in the Angels

Belief in the Last Day

Good Manners
Dutifulness to parents
Our Religion
What is Islam
The Prayer
Belief in Allaah
Belief in the Angels
Belief in the Prophets
Divine Books
Belief in Predestination
Belief in the Last Day
The Life of the Prophet
The Arabs Before The Advent Islam
Men Around The Prophet
The Mothers of the Believers
Children in the company of the Prophet Muhammad
Portraits from the life of the Prophet
Battles of the Prophet
The Children of the Prophet
 The Prophet's Ambassadors
Places in the Life of the Prophet
The physical description of the Prophet
Statistics About The Quran
The Compilation of the Quran
The Merit of the Glorious Quran and Some of its Chapters

The miraculous nature of the Quran

The Excellence of Learning the Quran

Five chapters in Quran

Great Muslim Charactersters
Mohammad Al-Faatih
Taariq Ibn Ziyaad


Al-`Izz Ibn `Abdus-Salaam
Ibn Jareer At-Tabari
Ibn An-Nafees
Abu Bakr Ar-Raazi
Al-Hasan Al-Basri
Al-Layth Ibn Sa'd 
The Muslims' Contributions to Astronomy
The Muslims' Contributions to Medicine
The World of Bees
The Camel

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