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Mercy

When you see an old woman carrying a very heavy load, staggering with every step she takes, you sympathize with her. If you find a small cat which is blind and is shivering from cold and does not know how to feed itself, you pity it. When you see a lost child weeping, you become very affectionate and tender. The feeling that you had towards all these people is the feeling of mercy.

Mercy is one of the Attributes of Allaah. It is He Who created us, and it is He Who provides us with food and water and when we are ill, He cures us. Allaah also guides us to believe in Him. The Mercy of Allaah is all-comprehensive, and its manifestations are endless,

because it encompasses everything and reaches every single creature. All of us are in dire need for it. Allaah Says (what means):

" He said: (As to) My Punishment I afflict therewith whom I will and My Mercy embraces all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who are the Muttaqun (pious), and give Zakat; and those who believe in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs and revelations, etc.)} [Quran 7:156]

{Allaah, the Almighty, said : And ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter. Certainly we have turned unto You.

Allaah created mercy in the hearts of His Slaves, and this is why people have mercy for each other. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: "Allaah created mercy in one hundred parts, He retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and sent down one part to the earth. Due to this one part of mercy, there is mutual love among the creation so much so that a horse may lift away its hoof from its young offspring, fearing that it might harm it." [Al-Bhukhaari].

However, a ruthless, cruel person will not attain the Mercy of Allaah on the Day of Judgment. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: "Mercy will not be taken away except from a doomed person". [At-Tirmithi]

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, also said: "He who does not show mercy to others, will not be treated mercifully." [Al-Bukhaari]

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, further  said: "If you show mercy to those who are on the earth, He Who is above the heaven (i.e. Allaah)  will show mercy to you."

[At Tirmithi]

To Whom Should We Be Merciful?

Mercy is an excellent characteristic to have and we should have it and extend it to all creatures. As we need the Mercy of Allaah, we should also be merciful towards each other so that we could attain the Pleasure and Love of Allaah. We should be specially merciful and careful towards some people such as:

·     Aged Parents: Just as they were kind and compassionate towards us when we were young, we should be kind to them when they are old. We should serve them happily, obey them, talk to them in a polite and decent manner, and never utter bad words in their presence.

 

·  The weak, the needy, the ill, and people with special needs such as the blind, the dumb and the disabled: We should help them, fulfill their needs, and never mock at their disabilities.  Allaah Says: (what means): {No blame or sin is there upon the blind, nor is there blame or sin upon the lame, nor is there blame or sin upon the sick (that they go not forth to war). And whosoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, He will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (Paradise); and whosoever turns back, He will punish him with a painful torment. [Quran 48:17]

· Young Children Especially Orphans: We should love and care for them and be gentle and play with them. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said: "He who has no mercy towards younger ones, and does not acknowledge the honour of our older ones, is not one of us." [At-Tirmithi]

· All Those Who Serve Us: the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, used to eat and talk with his servants. He also used to advise people to take care of them because they are our brothers. We must feed them from the same food we eat, make them wear the same clothes we wear, and never overburden them with things that are beyond their ability.

·  All Animals and Birds: because they are the creatures of Allaah and they have senses, feelings, pain, and illnesses. We should feed them, give them water, and never overburden them. We should not harm or beat them. We must take care of their medical needs if they are sick and provide them with a suitable place in which to live.

The Gift of Mercy

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, was the most merciful and tender human beings who ever lived. His mercy covered the young, the old, the weak, the strong, the animals, the birds, and even his enemies. He, sallallaahu alayhi wa saalm, was the greatest mercy sent down by Allaah in order to guide mankind to the path of belief and success in this world as well as in the Hereafter

 Allaah Says (what means): {And We have sent you (O Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam,) not but as a mercy for the 'Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).} [Quran 21:107]

We must learn from the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and take him as an example to be followed in all our affairs.

·       One day, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, entered a garden belonging to a person from the Ansaar. Suddenly he saw a camel there. On seeing the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, it groaned and started weeping. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, went to the camel and patted its head and its neck gently. After that the camel was soothed. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) asked: "Who is the owner of this camel?" A man from the Ansaar came, and said: "It is mine, O Messenger of Allaah" He replied: "Do you not fear Allaah in this beast as Allaah made you its owner? It complained to me that you do not feed it well, and that you load it heavily."

·        His servant Anas Ibn Malik, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: "I served the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)  for ten years, and I swear by Allaah, he never said to me any harsh word, and it has not come to my attention that he ever said about something I had done why I did it, or about something I had not done, why I had not done it." [Muslim]

·        Al-Aqra' Ibn Haabis saw Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) kissing Al-Hasan, may Allaah be pleased with him, the son of his daughter Faatimah, may Allaah be pleased with her. He said: "O Messenger of Allaah! I have ten children, but I have never kissed any of them." Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"He who does not show mercy (towards his children), he will not be treated mercifully." [AlBukhaari]

The Virtue of Mercy

A kind-hearted, merciful person is loved by Allaah, His Messenger and all the people.

We must be careful against hard-heartedness because the Mercy of Allaah will not be attained by a merciless person.

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said: "If you show mercy to those who are on the earth, He Who is above the heaven (i.e. Allaah) will show mercy to you." [At-Tirmithi]

A merciful society is happy because every individual feels safe, protected, and receives care and attention. In such a society, there is no place for a hungry, deprived or terrified person.

Mercy makes us love each other. It also encourages us to have cooperation and solidarity in our society. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said: "The similitude of the believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy is like that of one body, when one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever." [AlBukhaari]

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