He then offered
an excuse for showing conceit and not prostrating as: “((Allaah) said:
"What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate, when I commanded
you?" Iblis said: "I
am better than him (Aadam), You created me from fire, and him You created
Satan was the first one to disobey Allaah and revolt against Him. He was
full of haughtiness and arrogance and forgot that what he was proud of is
indeed a gift from Allaah to him. He forgot that he himself was created by
Allaah and was one of His infinite creatures. Allaah punished him by
expelling him from heaven.
But Satan did not learn the lesson and continued his resistance and
arrogance. His heart was full of hatred and envy
for Aadam, may
Allaah exalt his mention. He wanted to
tempt him and mislead him by leading him to sin
and therefore deserve Allaah's wrath.
Satan requested from Allaah, Exalted is He, that he be given a chance until
the Day of Judgment and Allaah agreed.
Allaah, Exalted is He, allowed Aadam,
may Allaah exalt his mention, to live in Paradise after He created for him
his wife “Eve” from one of his ribs to accompany him so as not to be alone
in this vast Paradise. Allaah permitted them to eat from all the fruits of
Paradise. But, Allaah warned them not to approach a particular tree that He
marked out for them. He warned them not to eat any of its fruits so as to
avoid being subjected to Allaah’s anger and punishment.
Satan took this opportunity to achieve his goal. He began to tempt
Aadam, may Allaah
exalt his mention, and his wife Eve.
He made it a point to become closer to them, pretending to offer them
advice and loyalty. He began to insinuate and slyly tempt them. He vowed to
them that he was a sincere advisor, Allaah Says (what means):
(Satan) whispered suggestions to them both in order to uncover that which
was hidden from them of their private parts (before); he said: "Your Lord
did not forbid you this tree save you should become angels or become of the
Satan continued with his deception and slyness until their resistance
weakened before his temptation, insistence, and insinuation and finally
Allaah exalt his mention, and Eve ate from this prohibited tree. This sin
was the cause of their dismissal from Paradise and their consequent descent
Satan did not allow Aadam,
may Allaah exalt his mention, to live in peace and security on earth; it was
rather the beginning for him.
He wanted to push all human beings;
Aadam’s children, to sin and he never ceased to
provoke hatred and enmity between them. He began to whisper to
until he succeeded in causing trouble, enmity and hatred between
Aadam’s sons: 'Qaabeel'
and 'Haabeel' (Cain and Abel).
Eve gave birth -each time- to twins: a male and a female. So, she gave
birth first to Cain (Qaabeel) and his sister ‘Iqleemaa’ then Abel (Haabeel)
and his sister ‘Labodaa’.
When they grew up, Allaah ordered Aadam,
may Allaah exalt his mention, to marry each
brother to the twin sister of the other. But Qaabeel refused and insisted to
marry his own twin sister Iqleemaa.
may Allaah exalt his mention, told him that she is not lawful for him, but
he refused and stuck to his decision and continued to resist. Then Aadam,
may Allaah exalt his mention, demanded from each of the brothers to offer a
sacrifice to Allaah, with the idea that the one from whom Allaah accepts
the sacrifice will be the one deserving to marry Iqleemaa.
Haabeel swiftly chose
the best of his sheep and he offered one of his fat cattle.