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Aadam (may Allaah exalt his mention)
The Father of Humanity

All mankind in all places and times have only one father and one mother.

"Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, and Eve (Hawwaa)".

Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, was not the first to be created by Allaah, Exalted is He! Allaah created before him the heavens and the earth, and the Angels and the Jinn. Allaah created Angels from light and Jinn from fire.  Allaah created Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, from clay and then He breathed into him the soul which He created for him.

 

 

Thereupon, almighty Allaah ordered the Angels to prostrate to Aadam as a way of honouring him and this showed how Allaah had favoured him. 

All the Angels prostrated except “Satan” whose heart was full of hatred and envy for Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, because of this high rank and position that had not been given to anybody before him.

So, he (i.e. the devil) was arrogant and proud, and refused to prostrate to Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, and he began to argue with Allaah in arrogance and conceit challenging Allaah's order: “(And (remember) when We said to the Angels: "Prostrate unto Aadam, may Allaah exalt mention." They prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He said (what means):

 {Shall I prostrate to one whom You created from clay?}

[Quran 17: 61]

 

 He then offered an excuse for showing conceit and not prostrating as: “((Allaah) said: "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate, when I commanded you?" Iblis said: "I am better than him (Aadam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.)” [Quran 7: 12]

Satan was the first one to disobey Allaah and revolt against Him. He was full of haughtiness and arrogance and forgot that what he was proud of is indeed a gift from Allaah to him. He forgot that he himself was created by Allaah and was one of His infinite creatures. Allaah punished him by expelling him from heaven.

But Satan did not learn the lesson and continued his resistance and arrogance. His heart was full of hatred and envy for Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention. He wanted to tempt him and mislead him by leading him to sin and therefore deserve Allaah's wrath.

Satan requested from Allaah, Exalted is He, that he be given a chance until the Day of Judgment and Allaah agreed.

Allaah, Exalted is He, allowed Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, to live in Paradise after He created for him his wife “Eve” from one of his ribs to accompany him so as not to be alone in this vast Paradise. Allaah permitted them to eat from all the fruits of Paradise. But, Allaah warned them not to approach a particular tree that He marked out for them. He warned them not to eat any of its fruits so as to avoid being subjected to Allaah’s anger and punishment.

Satan took this opportunity to achieve his goal. He began to tempt Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, and his wife Eve.

 He made it a point to become closer to them, pretending to offer them advice and loyalty. He began to insinuate and slyly tempt them. He vowed to them that he was  a sincere advisor, Allaah Says (what means): {Then Shaitan (Satan) whispered suggestions to them both in order to uncover that which was hidden from them of their private parts (before); he said: "Your Lord did not forbid you this tree save you should become angels or become of the immortals.} [Quran 7: 20]

Satan continued with his deception and slyness until their resistance weakened before his temptation, insistence, and insinuation and finally Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, and Eve ate from this prohibited tree.  This sin was the cause of their dismissal from Paradise and their consequent descent to earth.

Satan did not allow Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, to live in peace and security on earth; it was rather the beginning for him.

He wanted to push all human beings; Aadam’s children, to sin and he never ceased to provoke hatred and enmity between them. He began to whisper to Aadam's sons, until he succeeded in causing trouble, enmity and hatred between Aadam’s sons:  'Qaabeel' and 'Haabeel' (Cain and Abel).

 Eve gave birth -each time- to twins: a male and a female. So, she gave birth first to Cain (Qaabeel) and his sister ‘Iqleemaa’ then Abel   (Haabeel) and his sister   ‘Labodaa’.

When they grew up, Allaah ordered Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, to marry each brother to the twin sister of the other. But Qaabeel refused and insisted to marry his own twin sister Iqleemaa.

Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, told him that she is not lawful for him, but he refused and stuck to his decision and continued to resist.  Then Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, demanded from each of the brothers to offer a sacrifice to Allaah,  with the idea that the  one from whom Allaah accepts the sacrifice will be the one deserving to marry Iqleemaa.

Haabeel swiftly chose the best of his sheep and he offered one of his fat cattle.

As for Qaabeel, he offered the poorest part of his crop as a sacrifice.

Each brother placed his sacrifice on one of the mountain tops, and then they descended from the mountain and stood far away to watch what would happen.

Then suddenly something strange happened! Fire struck from heaven towards the mountain top. In a few minutes the fire devoured the sacrifice of Haabeel. This was a sign that his sacrifice had been accepted.

Qaabeel looked towards his brother Haabeel, and said to him

- Why has Allaah accepted your sacrifice and not mine?

Haabeel kindly said to console him:

 {Verily, Allaah accepts only from those who are the pious} [Quran 5: 30]

Then Qaabeel became very furious and replied angrily:

- I will kill you … Haabeel!

- Haabeel in  turn replied with courtesy and tenderness:

{If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me, I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you, for I fear Allaah; the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists)}. [Quran 5: 28]

But these kind words full of piety did not find their way to Qaabeel’s hard heart and he turned a deaf ear to his brother’s words. Indeed his heart was void of love and mercy.

Then Qaabeel rushed towards his brother and killed him.

Qaabeel stood astonished at the sight of the body of his brother Haabeel, and he could not believe what had happened. The scene of his brother, who soaked in blood, was violent and awful. He did not know from where had all that rigidity and brutality come from.

He stood still looking in silence and astonishment. Life appeared so dark before him. Only one question really haunted his mind to which he had no answer:

How could he hide the body of his brother?

While he was absorbed in his thoughts and fears, he saw

something strange in front of him. Allaah sent him a crow that started pecking the ground until it made a hole and buried another dead crow.

Qaabeel was looking at it in amazement.  Suddenly, he held his head between his hands and cried:

{He (the murderer) said: "Woe to me! Am I not even able to be as this crow and to hide the dead body of my brother?" Then he became one of those who regretted}. [Quran: 31] 

Qaabeel began to copy the crow which had been sent by Allaah to teach him how to bury the body of his brother and to reveal for him how weak he is in comparison to such a small bird. This terrible crime was the first in the history of humanity.

When Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, knew about what his son Qaabeel had done to his brother Haabeel, he was very sad. Haabeel was an example of the son who believes in Allaah and who is kind and dutiful to his parents. Later on, Qaabeel regretted that he had killed his brother.

 Allaah compensated Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, for the loss of his son by granting him another son named Shayth when he was one hundred and thirty years old. After that Aadam had many children. Aadam, may Allaah exalt his mention, lived after that for about eight hundred years. When he was about to die, he urged his son Shayth to preserve the religion of Allaah, implement His laws, and worship Him.

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